How Is A Uti Treated
The treatment for your uti will depend on what type of infection it is. If it is a bacterial infection, it will be treated with an antibiotic. If it is determined that it is a fungal infection, it will be treated with a different medication which targets fungal infections.
The first step your doctor will take will be to obtain a urine sample this urine sample will determine if you have an infection. If so, the urine is then also cultured to determine which antibiotic it is sensitive to, in other words, which antibiotic will effectively treat and kill the bacteria. This will take a few days because the bacteria has to grow in a petri dish. See, there really are reasons some of these tests take time!
In the meantime, your physician will immediately start you on a broad spectrum antibiotic this is an antibiotic that effectively treats many types of bacteria. If when the tests come back it is determined that you need a different antibiotic, your doctor will notify you and prescribe a different antibiotic which will treat your specific infection.
Sometimes the pain of a urinary tract infection is so great you may require a medication to alleviate the pain. Your doctor can prescribe a special medication which targets the pain associated with UTIs.
Follow-up is essential to determine if the infection has cleared, so if your physician asks you to come back, please do so!
What Should I Do If I Have Frequent Yeast Infections
If you frequently have yeast infections, you should have a discussion with your healthcare provider. Your provider may:
- Test to confirm that you really have a vaginal yeast infection.
- Get a blood sugar test for diabetes.
- Test for HIV/AIDS.
- Discuss any possible hormonal changes .
Your healthcare provider will use your test results to make sure you are receiving the right treatment. It can be important to treat the underlying cause while treating your yeast infection. Controlling the reason for the infection can help prevent future vaginal yeast infections.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 10/26/2019.
Diabetes Medications That Can Cause Yeast Infections
The diabetes drug category SGLT-2 inhibitors can easily cause yeast infections in women because these drugs encourage your body to excrete excess glucose from the food you eat out through your urine. This means the glucose is never entering your bloodstream, but instead your body is passing it through your urine and potentially feeding the growth of yeast.
Diabetes medications that can cause yeast infections include:
The recommended strategies for preventing yeast infections while taking one of these diabetes medications are:
- Drink a lot of water throughout the day. Since your body is using your urine to flush sugar out of your system, you need to stay well-hydrated! Drink. Drink. Drink.
- Eat fewer carbohydrates. If youre eating a high-carb diet , then youll be flushing more and more sugar out through your urine. Reducing the carbs in your diet, even down to 150 grams per day, can help prevent the overgrowth of yeast because there will be less sugar from your diet in your urine.
- Talk to your doctor about adding another diabetes medication to your regimen to bring your blood sugars down so theres less sugar being flushed out through your urine.
Talk to your doctor ASAP if you think one of these medications is causing frequent yeast infections. You dont necessarily have to stop taking the medication, but you should make some other changes to decrease your risk of yeast infections.
Also Check: What Is To High Blood Sugar Level
What Is A Vaginal Yeast Infection
Throughout your life, you may experience a vaginal yeast infection several times. Though uncomfortable, these infections are common. A vaginal yeast infection is a condition characterized by burning, itching, redness, and a white discharge from the vagina and vulva. These infections are caused by something thats already in your bodya fungal body called candida. Yeast is a type of fungus and candida is a specific type of yeast. When this yeast is balanced with the ecosystem of your body, there are no problems. But when that balance is disrupted, the yeast rapidly grows and you can get a yeast infection.
Vaginal yeast infections are also called vulvovaginal candidiasis or vaginal candidiasis. A vaginal yeast infection is actually a type of vaginitis, a condition where the vagina is swollen, painful and creates a discharge. There are several types of vaginitiseach with similar symptomsbut vaginal yeast infections are one of the most common.
Treatment Of Diabetic Infections
The doctor may prescribe oral or topical antibiotics to treat some diabetic infections. The most important measure is careful blood sugar control during any infection to promote healing and prevent further complications related to the infection. You should also stay physically active for keeping your blood sugar level stable. Eat fiber-rich, nutritious food to prevent these complications or for a fast recovery, if you already acquire any of these infections.
Don’t Miss: How Much Do Insulin Pumps Cost
How Does Diabetes Contribute To Vaginal Yeast Infections
But how does diabetes contribute to a vaginal yeast infection? It is thought that the high levels of blood sugar present in uncontrolled or poorly controlled diabetes feeds the yeast in the vagina.
As the levels of yeast begin to overtake the levels of bacteria, the womans chances of a yeast infection increase greatly.
How Women With Diabetes Can Reduce Risk Of Yeast Infections
Diabetes poses a host of problems for womens health, and among the most common are yeast infections. In fact, its such a telltale sign that doctors often will test a woman who has recurring infections for diabetes if she doesnt already know she has the disease.
Diabetesparticularly the occurrence of high blood glucose levelscan cause a bodily imbalance that can lead to an overgrowth of yeast, which thrive in warm, moist places, like your vagina. Diabetic women who have difficulty controlling their blood sugar are more susceptible to yeast infections, but there are steps you can take to stave off infections.
Also Check: Does Type 2 Diabetes Affect Fertility In Males
Is It Safe To Use Over
Yes, but always talk with your doctor or nurse before treating yourself for a vaginal yeast infection. This is because:
- You may be trying to treat an infection that is not a yeast infection. Studies show that two out of three women who buy yeast infection medicine don’t really have a yeast infection.2 Instead, they may have an STI or bacterial vaginosis . STIs and BV require different treatments than yeast infections and, if left untreated, can cause serious health problems.
- Using treatment when you do not actually have a yeast infection can cause your body to become resistant to the yeast infection medicine. This can make actual yeast infections harder to treat in the future.
- Some yeast infection medicine may weaken condoms and diaphragms, increasing your chance of getting pregnant or an STI when you have sex. Talk to your doctor or nurse about what is best for you, and always read and follow the directions on the medicine carefully.
Diabetes And The Ability To Fight Yeast Infections
The effects of diabetes on the body become more obvious as time goes on. People who dont keep good control of their blood sugar may develop complications related to the constantly high levels. One such complication is a difficulty in fighting off infections, either bacterial or fungal.
Dr. Einhorn explains, Some women, especially those with poorly controlled diabetes, have some compromise in their ability to fight off any infection. This means that once a yeast infection has begun, getting rid of it may not be that easy.
Read Also: How To Use True Metrix Blood Glucose Meter
What Causes Yeast Infections
Vaginal yeast infections, regardless of their underlying source, are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus candida. A normal, healthy vagina always contains bacteria and yeast. It is when the balance between the two is off that yeast can multiply and cause symptoms of a yeast infection.
The cause of this imbalance can differ by the patient. Potential causes can be pregnancy, obesity, antibiotics, and diabetes . Although yeast infections are not usually caused or spread by sex, a small percentage of men less than 15 percent may experience itching, burning, or a red rash from unprotected sex with a woman who has a yeast infection.
Can A Yeast Infection Cause A False Negative Pregnancy Test
Some over the counter cough syrups have codeine in them and that can causeafalse positive. Also, the Amoxicillin can causeafalse positive for cocaine. Failing drug tests Date: 1/26/2005 My husband takes Phenergan and Zantac on a daily basis. He also goes to a Methadone clinic. He passed had every drug test for over a year. A main cause of yeast overgrowth is a course of steroids and antibiotics. Low fiber, high fat diets are associated with candida and other negative changes in gut biome. . It’s hard to test for candida via stool, because it doesn’t survive the preservative in stool cultures.
Also Check: Lantus Is What Type Of Insulin
Blood Sugar And Yeast Infections
Most women have yeast organisms as part of their normal flora, the tiny microorganisms that live on and inside our bodies. These microorganisms dont cause any discomfort or symptoms because they’re limited in number. But when there’s overgrowth, their presence becomes a problem.
No one knows exactly why yeast infections are more common , but there is a definite association with how well a person’s diabetes is controlled,” says Vincent Woo, MD, endocrinologist at the University of Manitoba Health Sciences Centre in Winnipeg, Canada. An increased level of blood sugar from diabetes affects the entire body, not just the blood. Elevated blood sugar appears in the mucus of the vagina and vulva, so they serve as an excellent culture medium for yeast, says Daniel Einhorn, MD, a former president of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and medical director of the Scripps Whittier Diabetes Institute in San Diego. Yeast gets energy from sugar, so in an environment that is moist with sugar, yeast may overgrow.
Signs & Symptoms Of A Yeast Infection
The earliest signs and symptoms of a yeast infection are subtle, and easy to ignore at first, but eventually, these symptoms will become extremely uncomfortable.
- Intense itching
- Needing to pee frequently
If youve never experienced a yeast infection before, contact your healthcare team to help determine what it is before purchasing any over-the-counter medications. Untreated yeast infections can become extremely uncomfortable and painful.
You May Like: High Blood Pressure And High Blood Sugar
Type 2 Diabetes And Yeast Infections
Women with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for yeast infections because they have more sugar in their bodies.
Thinkstock Getty Images
A vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidiasis, is a condition that causes itching and irritation around the vagina, a thick white vaginal discharge that looks like cottage cheese, and burning when using the bathroom or having sex.
Although many women experience yeast infections, women with type 2 diabetes are at a greater risk, especially if their blood sugar levels are higher than normal.
Diabetes Can Affect Every Part Of The Body Including The Skin
In fact, skin problems are sometimes the first sign that a person has diabetes.
Some are cause for concern, while others may simply be a cosmetic issue . Regardless, you should keep an eye out for changes in your skin and talk to your doctor about any concerns you haveits better to be safe than sorry. Luckily, most skin conditions can be prevented or easily treated if caught early.
Some of these problems are skin conditions anyone can have, but people with diabetes get more easily. These include bacterial infections, fungal infections, and itching. Other skin problems happen mostly, or only, to people with diabetes. These include diabetic dermopathy, necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum, diabetic blisters, and eruptive xanthomatosis. Expand the items below to learn more about each skin condition and discover helpful skin care tips.
Recommended Reading: What Is Insulin Dependent Diabetes
How Can I Prevent A Vaginal Yeast Infections
To prevent a yeast infection from occurring or recurring, take these steps:
- If you have diabetes, make sure your blood sugar is under good control. Maintaining healthy blood sugar levels will not only prevent yeast infections but will also keep you healthier in general over the long term.
- Wear breathable fabrics when it comes to your underwear, and wear looser pants. This will avoid moisture build up that will encourage the growth of yeast.
- In addition to staying dry through the clothes you wear, make sure you thoroughly dry yourself after bathing and throughout the day. In particular, keep skin folds dry in order to prevent an environment where yeast overgrowth can occur.
- Try not to use anything scented . These can change the acidity levels in your vagina, leading to a yeast overgrowth and increasing your chances of infection.
- Finally, eat yogurt or take probiotics. They will encourage the growth of healthy bacteria, helping you to maintain the right balance of yeast and bacteria.
Vaginal yeast infections may be common, but you can do something about them. Take precautions to prevent this uncomfortable condition.
Preventing Vaginal Yeast Infections With Lifestyle And Diet Changes
If you prefer to listen to this article, click on the SoundCloud player below.
About 75% of women will experience a vaginal yeast infection sometime in their life, and up to 45% of those women will have repeat yeast infections. Thats a daunting prospect if youve had one before its not something you want to do again. Thankfully, you can make lifestyle and diet changes to prevent a yeast infection.
You May Like: Blood Sugar A1c Levels Chart
Signs And Symptoms Of Yeast Infections
The early signs and symptoms of yeast infection are subtle and easy to ignore, but these symptoms become extremely uncomfortable over time.
- Intense itching
- Need to urinate frequently
If youve never experienced a yeast infection, contact your healthcare team to help ascertain what it is before buying any over-the-counter prescriptions. Untreated yeast infections can convert into an extremely uncomfortable and painful problem.
Signs & Symptoms Of Yeast Infections
Initially, owing to the subtlety in the signs, it can be easy to ignore. However, unfortunately, the symptoms can escalate quickly and then become uncomfortable to ignore. Here are a few signs and symptoms of yeast infection diabetes that you can keep an eye out for:
- Stinging or burning
- Burning or pain while urinating
- Creamy white discharge in the initial stages and clumpy white discharge during the later stage
- Redness around the area
These could be some common reasons why a diagnosis of diabetes could result in a higher chance of developing the overgrowth of yeast.
Don’t Miss: How Long Do Insulin Pumps Last
Can Itching Be A Signal Of Diabetes
On rare occasions, diabetes is associated with itching. The reason why behind this are not clear. It might be because diabetes affects the nervous system and alters the perception of sensation in the body. It may also be due to dry skin and fungal skin infections, both of which are more prevalent among diabetics.
How Is A Yeast Infection Treated
Yeast infections are usually treated with antifungal medicine. See your doctor or nurse to make sure that you have a vaginal yeast infection and not another type of infection.
You can then buy antifungal medicine for yeast infections at a store, without a prescription. Antifungal medicines come in the form of creams, tablets, ointments, or suppositories that you insert into your vagina. You can apply treatment in one dose or daily for up to seven days, depending on the brand you choose.
Your doctor or nurse can also give you a single dose of antifungal medicine taken by mouth, such as fluconazole . If you get more than four vaginal yeast infections a year, or if your yeast infection doesn’t go away after using over-the-counter treatment, you may need to take regular doses of antifungal medicine for up to six months.
Read Also: Can Weight Loss Reverse Diabetes
Yeast Infections And Diabetes Return
Red patches on the head of the penis If you have one or more of these symptoms, it is important to consult your doctor or talk to your pharmacist. If a medication is prescribed, be sure to take it to the end of the treatment period even if the symptoms disappear earlier. As for all types of infection in person with diabetes, it is crucial to properly control your blood glucose levels. Wash your genitals every day and dry the genital area thoroughly after swimming, showering or bathing. There are effective non-prescription treatments for yeast infections, in the form of tablets and creams. In addition to taking these medications, improving your blood sugar control is essential for ridding yourself of this kind of infection. It is important to follow the treatment to the end even if the symptoms disappear earlier. During treatment, wear natural fibres, avoid vaginal douching and use condoms during sex. Research and text: Diabetes Qubec Team of Health Care Professionals Scientific review: Serge Goulet, Family PhysicianContinue reading > >
When Fungus Grows Out Of Control
Many kinds of fungus and bacteria live naturally on your skin and inside your body. Normally, you don’t even know they’re there. There’s a balance between them and your immune system that keeps them from causing trouble. But if something tips that balance, the bacteria or fungus can grow out of control and cause an infection.
Diabetes weakens your immune system by making changes to the cells that normally fight germs. That makes it harder for your body to defend and heal itself. As a result, you’re more likely to get all kinds of infections, including thrush.
Yeast infections are a particular problem with diabetes because sugar helps candida grow. High levels of sugar in your blood also mean high sugar levels in your sweat, saliva, and urine. That encourages yeast to grow in places like your mouth and genitals, and you can end up with thrush.
You May Like: What Does It Mean When You Have High Glucose