How To Calculate Your A1c
The Hemoglobin A1c test is a blood test used to measure the average blood glucose concentration in your body in the past 1-3 months. For diabetics, this is the standard way of determining how well the diabetes is controlled. An A1c of less than 7% is considered good. Getting the test every 3 months is usually enough. But sometimes you may want to just estimate your A1c level based on the data from your regular self-tests. The formula below could help in this case. Accuracy, of course, could vary depending on how often and when you check your blood sugar. I found it pretty accurate last time I used it. My calculation was off only by 0.1%. This is the same formula GlucoseTracker uses in the appâs dashboard. Glucose in mg/dL: A1c = / 28.7 Glucose in mmol/L: A1c = / 1.59 So, for example, if your average blood glucose level in the past 3 months is 130 mg/dL , your estimated A1c is 6.15%. There are also cheaper devices you can buy that will allow you to do the actual A1c tests yourself, like this one. If you need to do these tests more often, say every month, then it could save you money in the long run as lab tests could get expensive. It may not be as accurate as the lab tests, but my guess is itâs probably good enough.Continue reading > >
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How To Translate Your A1c To A Blood Sugar Level
An HbA1c reading on its own isnt very helpful unless you know what it really means about your daily blood sugar levels.
Understanding how your A1c accumulates over the course of 3 months and how it translates to an actual average blood sugar level is a critical part of diabetes management that is often never explained in the doctors office.
In this article, well talk about how AGEs lead to your A1c, how your A1c result translates to an eAG, and what you can do next with that information!
What Can I Learn From Converting My Hba1c To Average Blood Glucose Level
Converting your lab test HbA1c to average blood glucose level can be useful to compare your own average blood glucose results.
If, for example, your own average blood glucose results are lower than the average provided by the calculator, this suggests you may not be testing during periods of the day when your blood glucose levels are higher, which could include after meals.
You may therefore wish to carry out more blood glucose testing at different times of day to see if you are experiencing high results that you may not otherwise be aware of.
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What Is The Cost Benefit Of Lowering A1c
Recently the ADA published analysis diabetes costs. They showed total estimated costs of $327 billion with $237 billion on direct costs and $90 billion in indirect costs.5Economic costs of diabetes continues to rise.
Data from numerous studies show that better A1C results in lower total healthcare costs.6 A study using claims data from a large health maintenance organization showed that the group of mainly type 2 patients whose A1C was lowered by 1% experienced lower total health care costs in the range of $685 to $950 less per year compared to people who had no A1C improvement.
Another analysis from a large managed care organization showed that total diabetes-related costs for people whose A1C was greater than 7% was $1,540 per patient during the 1-year follow-up. This was 32% higher than the total diabetes-related costs for people whose A1C was at or below 7%.
What Is Estimated Average Glucose
Estimated average glucose, eAGsummarizes the blood glucose level during the past 3 months.
We obtain it by transforming percentage of HbA1c to eAG value, given either in mg/dL or mmol/L.
Why does the eAG measure exactly 3 past months?
The estimated average glucose range comes from the HbA1c measurements that estimate the amount of the particular protein located within the red blood cells.
The average lifespan of a red blood cell equals 120 days, which is almost 4 months but we must remember that not all the blood cells are being born and die at the same time. To receive accurate readings, we need to make sure that most of the cells that we study were alive during the period wed like to measure thats why were confident of 3, not 4 months.
Hey! You can check the foods that increase your estimated average glucose with our glycemic index or glycemic load tools.
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Average Blood Sugar To A1c Calculator
This A1C calculator might help you figure out what those mysterious numbers on your lab blood test result mean. It converts your hemoglobin A1C calculator result into your typical blood sugar level â and vice versa! Youâll learn what is A1C? And what usual ranges it falls into in this article. Read on to learn how to calculate A1C, the hazards of high glycated hemoglobin A1C levels, and how to reduce A1C when necessary.
You might be familiar with the term hemoglobin, which refers to the transport of oxygen. HbA1c is very similar to what you recall from biology class. Although it sounds like a robotâs name, itâs actually a type of hemoglobin that has sugar particles linked to it. We find glycated hemoglobin in everyoneâs blood, and the amount grows as blood sugar levels rise. The A1c test measures the percentage of hemoglobin that has glucose attached to it in the lab. But why isnât the result identical to that of a basic blood sugar level test?
Conversion From Old Units To New Units
In the past 15 years, to report the results from the glycated hemoglobin test a new unit has been proposed and introduced . Some countries already adopted the new unit in their lab reports, while others still stick to the old unit or use both.
While the results reported are the same, the numbers differ substantially and can create confusion. Here below you can find the conversion table from NGSP to IFCC units.
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Risks Of Chronic High Blood Glucose Level
You already know how to calculate A1c levels, but what should you do with the result? If your level is less than 5.7% congratulations this is a normal A1c level, and you have nothing to worry about. Maintain your healthy habits and keep your blood sugar level low.
If you drifted into the prediabetes group thats a red flag. Youre at a high risk of diabetes, but there is still hope. Check out the How to lower A1c? section for some hints. Do not neglect this result, as chronic high blood sugar levels can lead to severe consequences, including:
- Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases myocardial infarction or brain stroke
- Problems getting pregnant
- Diabetic foot, potentially leading to amputation!
If your A1c level is equal to or higher than 6.5%, you may be diagnosed as diabetic. If this is your result, book an appointment with your doctor immediately!
Normal Blood Sugar Levels For Adults With Diabetes
enough to be recognized with kind 2 diabetes This is recognized as prediabetes, and means you re susceptible to creating type 2 diabetes Awareness, remedy, and management of diabetes and risk components in adults dwelling in China, standardised for age and sex, are presented in table four The proportion of sufferers Convert Average Blood Sugar Levels To A1c who have been aware of their diabetes and had been treated was Convert Average Blood Sugar Levels To A1c higher What Is A Normal Blood Sugar within the older population, and the speed of awareness of diabetes was considerably higher in city than in rural residents The proportion What Is A Normal Blood Sugar Level of patients who managed their HbA1c ranges Can high blood sugar cause disorientation well was greater in youthful sufferers Convert Average Blood Sugar Levels To A1c and in urban residents.
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How Can I Get My Number Down Quickly
- Exercise helps to lower your blood glucose levels by allowing your body to use its own insulin more effectively. This will, in turn, help lower A1C levels. Exercise also tones and builds muscle which is more metabolically active than fat. Ask your health care professional for advice on how to start a safe exercise program.
- Medications can play a very important role in lowering A1C. Be sure to follow your health care providers advice regarding diabetes medicines. For those who are newly diagnosed with diabetes, it can be very helpful to keep a diary of foods eaten, medications taken and timing. This information can be very useful to your physician.
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What Can You Do To Improve Your A1c Levels
People often wonder how long it will take to improve their A1C number. By following your diabetes self-care plan, you can improve your A1C by your next three-month check. Your A1C may continue to go down at each visit if you continue to partner with your healthcare provider and follow the tips above.
Its not helpful to test your A1C more frequently than every three months, and more frequent testing is not always covered by insurance. If you feel like you have followed your healthcare providers recommendations but your A1C level is high, dont take it personally. Again, there are many factors that make diabetes management difficult, and if you continue to work on it, your number will come down.
In summary, the A1C test gives you a picture of your overall glucose levels. There is no bad or good number, just information that helps you and your healthcare provider understand how well your diabetes management plan is working.
Using an A1C calculator can give you an idea of how your A1C translates into an EAG number that you can recognize, using the same unit of measurement as shown on a blood glucose meter. However, remember that A1C goals can be different for each person based on age, treatment goals, access to diabetes supplies, and other health issues present, so dont be afraid to talk with your healthcare professional about setting your unique goals to lead to better diabetes management.
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How To Do An A1c Conversion
Here’s how to convert your blood sugar readings into an A1C percentage, according to the ADA and diabetes educators:
Step 1. You’ll want to have a substantial number of blood glucose readings ready to analyze. To truly find out your average blood sugar, you should measure it at different times of the day, Cox recommends. For instance, if you always measure your blood sugar in the morning before you eat, you may not know that your blood sugar is going too high or low at other times in the day. Talk to your doctor about how often to measure your blood sugar each day and when.
Step 2. Add up all the readings you’re using for the conversion. Note the resulting number.
Step 3. Divide the number from Step 2 by the total number of readings you took to reach that number. For instance, if your Step 2 total is 18,000 and you had 100 readings, your math is: 18,000 divided by 100 = 180. This is your average glucose level for the 100 readings.
Step 4. Add 46.7 to the average blood glucose reading from Step 3. If your average reading was 180, your math is: 180 + 46.7 = 226.7.
Step 5. Divide your answer from Step 4 by 28.7. Using the same example as above, your math is: 226.7 divided by 28.7 = 7.89. This means you have an average hemoglobin A1C of 7.89 percent.
You can also use the ADA‘s online conversion calculator to do the math for you.
How Does A1c Associate With Glucose Averages
Even though an A1C level provides a sense of average sugar levels over the previous few months, an individual having either type 1 or type 2 diabetes must have a blood glucose meter so that he or she can check their blood glucose levels and adopt proper treatment choices on daily basis.
If a person tests frequently during the day, just like prior to and post-meals and other times that the blood glucose value may differ and utilize a precise glucose meter, this provides valuable info on daily differences in the levels of blood glucose. The majority of blood glucose meters are also equipped to deliver 7, 14, 30, or 90-day averages. A 90-day average on the glucose meter can help estimate how it may associate with an A1C.
Glucose meter averages depend upon the rate that a person tests per day, hence if a person does not have many data points or a person is incapable of testing at certain times , it perhaps wont provide a complete picture of the glucose levels and might slant lower as compared to an A1C test result.
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How To Lower A1c Level
Your doctor will tell you to lower your A1C levels if your test shows they are too high. Here are a few pointers to get you started:
- Consult your doctor about medicine. Make sure youre following the doctors instructions when taking them. Mention any other medications youre taking for different ailments, as they could interact.
- Check your blood sugar levels more frequently and make sure youre using the suitable treatments . If you believe this is a problem for you, seek professional treatment.
- Increase your physical activity. You dont have to train to be an Olympic athlete, but you should strive to include a few short walks in your daily routine. Every step is crucial!
- Attempt to reach and maintain a healthy BMI .
- The BMI is the most fundamental indicator, but you should also consider your waist-hip ratio. A large amount of visceral fat has been related to an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease.
- Maintain a healthy, well-balanced diet. If youre overweight, dont go over your daily calorie restriction, and attempt to eat even less. Say goodbye to processed meals and sweets.
If you follow those recommendations, your hemoglobin A1C levels will almost certainly improve.
I Am A Health Care Professional
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But overall the most optimal targets to work toward are a fasting glucose under 100 mg dl or 6 mmol l.
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The Measurement Of A Normal Haemoglobin A1c Test
The chart alone is not enough to understand whether an individual has diabetes or not. But with the help of the A1c table, the doctor can identify diabetes by comparing the level with a particular range. The usual hemoglobin A1c level for an ordinary person is between 4% and 5.6%. In other words, the average blood sugar must not be higher than 7mmol/L or 126 mg/dL for an individual.
If the Haemoglobin A1c level is between 5.7% and 6.4%, it means there is a good chance of having diabetes in the future. It is called a Prediabetics stage. Prediabetics person is a wake-up call for a person. It means you are on the way to get diabetes soon. But it is yet to happen. Having Prediabetics means you have a chance to turn things around.
The A1c level from 5.7% to 6.4% indicates, your blood sugar level is higher than the level it should be. But, it is still not in the range of diabetes. You may call it the edge of getting diabetes. Prediabetics happens for a hormone called insulin. This hormone helps to control blood sugar in the human body. If your sugar level is between the Prediabetics stage, it means the hormone is not working even.
For a diabetic patient, the measurement of A1c blood sugar level is 6.5% or higher.
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