Causes Of Type 2 Diabetes
The pancreas naturally secretes insulin and releases it into the bloodstream when you eat or drink. Once your food is digested and broken down into simple sugar molecules, insulin helps transport them from the blood into your cells for use as energy.
A person with type 2 diabetes has insulin resistance, meaning their cells do not respond to the hormone efficiently. As a result, the beta cells in the pancreas may have to work harder to produce more insulin.
Eventually, this causes sugar to accumulate in the bloodstream while the cells starve for energy. The exact triggers for that series of events are unknown, but they could be related to abnormal cell signaling and control or cell dysfunction in the pancreas.
Treating Type 2 Diabetes With Lifestyle Changes
Type 2 diabetes can often be treated by changing or beginning certain lifestyle practices. This is nearly always the first step in treating type 2 diabetes.
Weight loss is one of the primary goals of these lifestyle changes. A loss of just 5% to 10% of total body weight can have a dramatic effect on blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
Some of the lifestyle changes to manage type 2 diabetes include:
- Quitting smoking
What Should Be Done In Case Of Overdose
Dont take more Ozempic than your doctor prescribes. Doing so can lead to serious side effects.
Because Ozempic is injected once weekly, the effects of an overdose may last for a while. If you take too much Ozempic, your doctor will need to monitor you closely and treat your symptoms until theyve resolved.
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Common Type 2 Diabetes Oral Drugs
Because the classes of type 2 diabetes oral drugs work in a variety of ways, combining them can be very effective. In fact, its often more effective to add a second drug than it is to switch from one type to another. Finding the right combination for you may involve some trial and error. Here are 10 oral drugs commonly prescribed for type 2 diabetes:
Canagliflozin is an SGLT2 inhibitor. It is a tablet for once daily dosing, usually before the first meal of the day. There is also a combination product containing canagliflozin and metformin.
Empagliflozin is also an SGLT2 inhibitor. You take it in the morning with or without food.
Glimeperide is a sulfonylurea. The usual dose is once daily with the first meal of the day.
Glipizide is a sulfonylurea that comes as a regular tablet and an extended-release tablet. Doctors can prescribe the regular tablet multiple times a day, 30 minutes before a meal. The extended-release tablet is for once daily dosing with the first meal of the day. Glipizide is also available in combination with metformin.
Glyburide is also a sulfonylurea. Usually, doctors prescribe it once daily with the first meal of the day. Sometimes, doctors recommend taking it twice daily. Glyburide is also available as a combination product with metformin.
Linagliptin is a DPP-4 inhibitor. The usual dose is once daily with or without food.
Pioglitazone is a thiazolidinedione. The usual dose is once daily with or without meals.
Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body depends on alternative energy sources found in the tissues, muscles, and organs. That happens because the body does not effectively utilize insulin, so glucose is not available for use by the cells.
This is a chronic condition that can develop slowly, and the symptoms can be mild and easy to disregard at the beginning. Here are some of them:
Sores that heal slowly
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When Is Medication Considered
Whether or not blood-sugar-lowering medication is suitable will depend on things like the age at which type 2 diabetes starts. Many older people with type 2 diabetes have slightly higher blood sugar levels than normal and they dont cause any problems. When type 2 diabetes develops in older age, it rarely leads to nerve and blood vessel damage. Other conditions like high blood pressure are often more of a problem then.
If youre already diagnosed with type 2 diabetes around the age of 40 or 50, you will probably live with the condition for quite a long time. Then even slightly too high blood sugar levels can lead to other problems over a long period of time. So it’s very important for younger people who have type 2 diabetes to keep their blood sugar levels down.
The aim of the treatment is to prevent the diabetes from leading to other health problems. Constantly high blood sugar levels can cause damage to blood vessels and nerves. This can result in medical problems affecting the kidneys, feet and retina . The risk of stroke or heart attack may also increase. Blood-sugar-lowering drugs are used with the aim of preventing or delaying these health problems as much as possible.
General Cautions For All Medicines
- Allergic reactions.
- All medicines can cause a reaction. This can sometimes be an emergency. Before you take any new medicine, tell the doctor or pharmacist about any past allergic reactions you’ve had.
- Drug interactions.
- Sometimes one medicine may keep another medicine from working well. Or you may get a side effect you didn’t expect. Medicines may also interact with certain foods or drinks, like grapefruit juice and alcohol. Some interactions can be dangerous.
- Harm during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
- If you are pregnant, trying to get pregnant, or breastfeeding, ask your doctor or pharmacist if all the medicines you take are safe.
- Other health problems.
- Before taking a medicine, be sure your doctor or pharmacist knows about all your health problems. The medicine for one health problem may affect another health problem.
Always tell your doctor or pharmacist about all the medicines you take. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, herbs, and supplements. That information will help prevent serious problems.
Always be sure you get specific information on the medicine you’re taking. For a full list of warnings, check the information that came with the medicine you’re using. If you have questions, talk to your pharmacist or doctor.
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What Is Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease where the bodys ability to use glucose or sugar as fuel is impaired. Our bodies produce a hormone called insulin which enables sugar from carbohydrates in food we eat to reach the cells and be used as energy. In type 2 diabetes, insulins ability to do its job is compromised, and over time the body actually produces less of it. This means less sugar in the cells for fuel, and more sugar in the blood where it cant be used. Having high levels of blood sugar over time can cause damage to vital organs like the heart, kidneys, nerves, and eyes.
Some risk factors that predispose people to developing type 2 diabetes, such as genetics and age, are not modifiable. Other risk factors, such as being overweight or having obesity, can be altered. This is why losing 5% to 10% of ones baseline weight by healthful eating and physical activity remains the backbone of type 2 diabetes management.
Monitoring Your Blood Sugar
Monitoring your blood sugar levels helps you keep them within the target range. Seek your doctors advice on how often to measure your blood glucose level and by what method. You can use a continuous glucose monitor or a blood glucose meter.
A CGM checks blood sugar levels automatically and transmits the information to a specific device, such as a phone, and can notify you when readings are too low or too high.
If you use a blood glucose meter, you will need to check your level at least once a day, before or after exercise. Your doctor may recommend you do it several times a day if you are on insulin therapy.
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Tzield was approved to delay the onset of stage 3 Type 1 diabetes in adults and children ages 8 and up who currently have stage 2 Type 1 diabetes. The medication is thought to slow down the body’s attack on its own insulin-producing cells and thus give people more time before they become dependent on pharmaceutical insulin. Tzield is not suitable for people with insulin-dependent Type 1 diabetes, people who are pre-Type 2 diabetics or those with type 2 diabetes.
“This approval is a watershed moment for the treatment and prevention of type 1 diabetes,” said Dr. Mark S. Anderson, director of the University of California San Francisco Diabetes Center. “Until now, the only real therapy for patients has been a lifetime of insulin replacement. This new therapy targets and helps to halt the autoimmune process that leads to the loss of insulin.”
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune condition in which the pancreas does not produce insulin, the vital hormone responsible for controlling the amount of glucose in the body’s bloodstream. People with Type 1 diabetes have increased glucose that requires them to get insulin shots or wear an insulin pump to survive.
Type 1 Diabetes Medication
The medication insulin is always needed in type 1 diabetes . This is because, with this disease, the immune system destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Without insulin as an escort, glucose in the bloodstream cant get into the cells and remains stuck in the bloodstream. Too much glucose in the bloodstream is called hyperglycemia, a dangerous health condition with many negative consequences. People who have type 1 diabetes must take insulin to survive.
Important information about insulin:
- It can be taken just once a day or several times per day depending on the individual.
- Some insulin medication is rapid-acting, working immediately.
- Other insulin is long-acting, working more slowly but lasting longer.
- Insulin can be injected with needles via syringe or pen.
- It can also be delivered with an insulin jet injector that sprays the medication into the body using high-pressure air rather than a needle.
- Some people use an insulin pump, a small machine connected to a small tube and needle that delivers insulin when needed.
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What Does Ozempic Cost
Costs of prescription drugs can vary depending on many factors. These factors include what your insurance plan covers and which pharmacy you use. To find current prices for Ozempic in your area, visit GoodRx.com.
If you have questions about how to pay for your prescription, talk with your doctor or pharmacist. You can also visit the Ozempic manufacturers website to see if it offers any support options.
Your doctor will recommend the dosage of Ozempic thats right for you. Below are commonly used dosages, but always take the dosage your doctor prescribes.
Medications For Type 2 Diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body makes insulin but no longer uses it well.
Your body cant make enough insulin to keep your blood sugar levels normal. The goal of treatment for you is to help your body use your insulin better or to get rid of extra sugar in your blood.
Most medications for type 2 diabetes are oral drugs. However, a few come as injections. Some people with type 2 diabetes may also need to take insulin.
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Travelling With Diabetes Medicines
If you’re going on holiday:
- pack extra medicine â speak to your diabetes nurse about how much to take
- carry your medicine in your hand luggage just in case checked-in bags go missing or get damaged
- if you’re flying with a medicine you inject, get a letter from your GP that says you need it to treat diabetes
Page last reviewed: 18 August 2020 Next review due: 18 August 2023
How To Reverse Type Two Diabetes
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Observe emptiness and persevere in great compassion. diabetic Knowing the emptiness, but still showing great compassion.
Lay Buddhists are practicing Buddhism in the realm of best five desires. The Vimalak rti metaphor is to grow lotus in the fire.
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Most Diabetes Medications Effectively Lower Blood Sugar
The blood sugar goal for most adults with diabetes is an A1C of below 7%. In many people, diet and exercise are not enough to reach this goal, and one or more medications may be needed. Metformin is a tried and tested medicine that has been used for many decades to treat type 2 diabetes, and is recommended by most experts as first-line therapy. It is affordable, safe, effective, and well tolerated by most people.
When metformin does not adequately control blood sugar, another medication must be added. It is at this point that doctors and patients must choose among the many drugs and drugs classes available to treat type 2 diabetes. In general, for people who are at low risk of heart disease or have no history of diabetic kidney disease, most diabetes medications that are added to metformin effectively reduce blood sugars and can lower A1C to under 7%.
So, how to choose a medication? Each person with diabetes has their own goals, needs, and preferences. Before choosing a medicine, it is important to ask some relevant questions: Is my blood sugar at goal? Is this medicine affordable? Do I have heart or kidney disease? What are the side effects? Is it a pill or injection, and how often is it taken?
Regardless of which treatment is selected, the American Diabetes Association Standards of Care recommends reassessment of diabetes control every three to six months, followed by modifications to treatment if needed.
Learn About Lifestyle Changes Medication And Insulin Treatment
Type 2 diabetes is a condition that affects the way your body uses insulin, a hormone that helps regulate your blood sugar. It is often treated with Glucophage , a first-line diabetes drug that reduces the amount of sugar your body produces.
There’s no one-size-fits-all treatment for type 2 diabetes, however. The key to managing this increasingly common condition is piecing together a treatment plan that fits the individual.
Type 2 diabetes treatment may include:
- Lifestyle changes
This article looks at some of the approved ways to manage and treat type 2 diabetes.
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Farxiga Can Help Beyond Blood Sugar
If you have type 2 diabetes, high blood sugar can take a serious toll on your body. Over time, it can damage blood vessels in essential organslike your kidneys and your heart.
If you have type 2 diabetes, you may also have chronic kidney disease and not know it
Chronic kidney disease is called a silent disease because many people with CKD dont feel symptoms in the early stagesso they dont know they have it. How can you find out if you have CKD? Your doctor can give you two important tests to determine your kidney numbers. .
Already diagnosed with CKD? FARXIGA can help.
TYPE 2 DIABETES AND HEART DISEASE OR CV RISK FACTORS
What Are Ozempics Side Effects
Like most drugs, Ozempic may cause mild or serious side effects. The lists below describe some of the more common side effects that have been reported with Ozempic. These lists dont include all possible side effects.
Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you more about the potential side effects of Ozempic. They can also suggest ways to help reduce side effects. For more details about Ozempics side effects, see this related article.
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When To Contact A Doctor
If a person experiences persistent side effects from taking diabetes medication, they should make an appointment with a doctor. A doctor may be able to adjust a persons medication or dose to reduce or eliminate adverse effects.
If a person feels very unwell after taking a medication, they should contact a doctor immediately. In rare cases, people can have a severe reaction to a medication. If a person has trouble breathing, collapses, has a seizure, or is unresponsive, someone near them should call 911.
A person must always wear a diabetic identification bracelet to ensure they get the correct treatment in an emergency.
Warnings For People With Certain Health Conditions
For people with liver disease: Its not known how safe or effective bromocriptine is for people with liver disease. Talk with your doctor about whether taking this drug is safe for you.
For people with kidney disease: Its not known how safe or effective bromocriptine is for people with kidney disease. Talk with your doctor about whether taking this drug is safe for you.
For people with a history of psychosis: Bromocriptine can worsen psychotic conditions. Talk with your doctor about whether this drug is safe for you.
For people with a history of cardiovascular disease: Bromocriptine can worsen this condition. Talk with your doctor about whether this drug is safe for you.
For people with certain types of sugar intolerance: You shouldnt take bromocriptine if you have certain types of sugar intolerance. These include galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency, or problems with absorbing certain types of sugars.
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