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What Are The Different Types Of Diabetes

Differences Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

Types of diabetes | Endocrine system diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

According to the National Diabetes Statistics Report for 2020 compiled by the Centers for Disease Control , more than 34 million Americans are currently living with diabetes. Thats more than one out of every 10 people in the United States.

On top of these staggering statistics, another 88 million Americans are facing pre-diabetes, which correlates to about one out of every three people in the nation. These individuals need to be on high alert because with the right lifestyle and dietary changes they just might be able to avoid joining the ranks of Americans living with diabetes.

The overwhelming majority of diabetic cases are type 2 diabetes. In fact, only about 5% of all cases found in the United States are classified as type 1 diabetes. Its important to distinguish the differences between the two primary types of diabetes, because how they begin, how they act upon the body, and how they are treated can be very different.

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Tests For Gestational Diabetes

During pregnancy, your doctor will screen you for diabetes. First, youll have a glucose challenge test. After you drink a sugary liquid, your blood will be drawn and tested an hour later. Your blood glucose level is non-diabetes if its below 140 mg/dL. If its over 140 mg/dL, youll need to have an oral glucose tolerance test . Your doctor will explain the results.

How Is Diabetes Diagnosed

Diabetes is diagnosed and managed by checking your glucose level in a blood test. There are three tests that can measure your blood glucose level: fasting glucose test, random glucose test and A1c test.

  • Fasting plasma glucose test: This test is best done in the morning after an eight hour fast .
  • Random plasma glucose test: This test can be done any time without the need to fast.
  • A1c test: This test, also called HbA1C or glycated hemoglobin test, provides your average blood glucose level over the past two to three months. This test measures the amount of glucose attached to hemoglobin, the protein in your red blood cells that carries oxygen. You dont need to fast before this test.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test: In this test, blood glucose level is first measured after an overnight fast. Then you drink a sugary drink. Your blood glucose level is then checked at hours one, two and three.
Type of test

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What Is A Good Medicine For Diabetic Neuropathy

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Can Diabetes Cause Hearing Loss

How many different types of diabetes are there?

Scientists dont have firm answers yet but there appears to be a correlation between hearing loss and diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, a recent study found that hearing loss was twice as common in people with diabetes versus those who didnt have diabetes. Also, the rate of hearing loss in people with prediabetes was 30% higher compared with those who had normal blood glucose levels. Scientists think diabetes damages the blood vessels in the inner ear, but more research is needed.

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How Do I Check My Blood Glucose Level Why Is This Important

Checking your blood glucose level is important because the results help guide decisions about what to eat, your physical activity and any needed medication and insulin adjustments or additions.

The most common way to check your blood glucose level is with a blood glucose meter. With this test, you prick the side of your finger, apply the drop of blood to a test strip, insert the strip into the meter and the meter will show your glucose level at that moment in time. Your healthcare provider will tell you how often youll need to check your glucose level.

Causes Of Type 1 Diabetes

The bodys immune system is responsible for fighting off foreign invaders, such as harmful viruses and bacteria.

Type 1 diabetes is believed to be caused by an autoimmune reaction. In people with type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakes the bodys own healthy cells for foreign invaders.

The immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. After these beta cells are destroyed, the body is unable to produce insulin.

Researchers dont know why the immune system sometimes attacks the bodys own cells. It may have something to do with genetic and environmental factors, such as exposure to viruses.

Research into autoimmune diseases is ongoing. Diet and lifestyle habits do not cause type 1 diabetes.

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Are There Other Treatment Options For Diabetes

Yes. There are two types of transplantations that might be an option for a select number of patients who have Type 1 diabetes. A pancreas transplant is possible. However, getting an organ transplant requires taking immune-suppressing drugs for the rest of your life and dealing with the side effects of these drugs. However, if the transplant is successful, youll likely be able to stop taking insulin.

Another type of transplant is a pancreatic islet transplant. In this transplant, clusters of islet cells are transplanted from an organ donor into your pancreas to replace those that have been destroyed.

Another treatment under research for Type 1 diabetes is immunotherapy. Since Type 1 is an immune system disease, immunotherapy holds promise as a way to use medication to turn off the parts of the immune system that cause Type 1 disease.

Bariatric surgery is another treatment option thats an indirect treatment for diabetes. Bariatric surgery is an option if you have Type 2 diabetes, have obesity and considered a good candidate for this type of surgery. Much improved blood glucose levels are seen in people who have lost a significant amount of weight.

Of course other medications are prescribed to treat any existing health problems that contribute to increasing your risk of developing diabetes. These conditions include high blood pressure, high cholesterol and other heart-related diseases.

Can Hyperthyroidism Be Confused With Diabetes In Cats

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There are a few similarities between hyperthyroidism and diabetes in cats, which can lead to confusion between the two conditions. Both diseases can cause increased thirst and urination, weight loss, and appetite changes. However, there are some key differences between the two diseases. Hyperthyroidism typically causes increased energy levels and restlessness, while diabetes usually causes lethargy and weakness. Additionally, hyperthyroidism typically causes vomiting and diarrhea, while diabetes usually causes constipation. If you are unsure whether your cat has hyperthyroidism or diabetes, it is important to consult with your veterinarian for a diagnosis.

A number of illnesses can occur at the same time, increasing the likelihood of both diseases worsening the symptoms of feline hyperthyroidism. When there is a concurrent disease, the patient should begin by stabilising one of the diseases before moving on to the other. In their Summary of Product Characteristics, the available antithyroid medications state that they are unsuitable for use in cats with diabetes mellitus. Hyperthyroidism is the cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in cats. As a result of elevated levels of thyroid hormones, the left ventricle of the heart has been observed to swell. In Ettinger et al. , 20% of hyperthyroid cats experienced congestive heart failure.

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Cluster : Severe Insulin

You are classified as having SIDD when your body doesnt produce much insulin on its own but you arent overweight and your immune system isnt the cause of your condition. It usually happens at a younger age than the onset of other types. This type of diabetes has a greater risk for diabetic ketoacidosis and retinopathy. Patients generally have a higher A1C at the time of diagnosis.

Unique symptoms of insulin deficient diabetes may include dark skin under your chin, groin or armpits. Your endocrinologist may prescribe a combination of both slow- and fast-acting insulin.

What’s The Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

Most people know there are two types of diabetes, but not everyone understands the difference between them. In both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, blood sugar levels can get too high because the body doesnt produce insulin or it does not utilize insulin properly. Though the problem is essentially the same in both types, they have different causes and treatments. Heres what you need to know.

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There Are A Few Ways To Treat Type 1 Diabetes:

  • Monitor your blood sugar. Living with diabetes means getting familiar with healthy blood sugar levels and checking yours regularly. Depending on your health care providers specific recommendation, you might need to check it four to ten times daily. Youll use a small blood sugar meter called a glucometer to measure glucose levels in a pin-prick of blood on a disposable test strip. Another option is to have a continuous glucose monitor, which automatically measures your blood sugar every few minutes using a sensor inserted underneath the skin.
  • Take insulin. Because your body doesnt produce it on its own, youll have to get it another way. There are a few methods for taking insulin, including regular injections or a wearable insulin pump, which delivers small, steady doses of fast-acting insulin throughout the day through a thin tube. Though its certainly not the most convenient lifestyle, it often becomes second nature for people living with type 1 diabetes.
  • Maintain a balanced diet. You dont have to be extremely restrictive, but carbohydrates are the foods youll want to watch, making sure to eat them consistently but not go overboard. If youre taking a fixed amount of insulin, keeping your carbohydrate intake consistent to match is important.
  • Exercise. Staying active is always an important component of health, but for people with type 1 diabetes, it can help keep blood sugar levels in check and cause your body to use the insulin more efficiently.

Can Diabetes Be Cured Or Reversed

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Although these seem like simple questions, the answers are not so simple. Depending on the type of your diabetes and its specific cause, it may or may not be possible to reverse your diabetes. Successfully reversing diabetes is more commonly called achieving remission.

Type 1 diabetes is an immune system disease with some genetic component. This type of diabetes cant be reversed with traditional treatments. You need lifelong insulin to survive. Providing insulin through an artificial pancreas is the most advanced way of keeping glucose within a tight range at all times most closely mimicking the body. The closest thing toward a cure for Type 1 is a pancreas transplant or a pancreas islet transplant. Transplant candidates must meet strict criteria to be eligible. Its not an option for everyone and it requires taking immunosuppressant medications for life and dealing with the side effects of these drugs.

Its possible to reverse prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes with a lot of effort and motivation. Youd have to reverse all your risk factors for disease. To do this means a combination of losing weight, exercising regularly and eating healthy . These efforts should also lower your cholesterol numbers and blood pressure to within their normal range. Bariatric surgery has been shown to achieve remission in some people with Type 2 diabetes. This is a significant surgery that has its own risks and complications.

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How Control Type 2 Diabetes

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Natural Powerful Remedies For Diabetes

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No Matter Where You Are In Your Fight Heres Where You Need To Be

Whether youve been newly diagnosed, have been fighting against type 1 or type 2 diabetes for a while, or are helping a loved one, youve come to the right place. This is the start of gaining a deeper understanding of how you can live a healthier lifewith all the tools, health tips, and food ideas you need. Wherever youre at with your diabetes, know that you have options and that you dont have to be held back. You can still live your best life. All you have to do is take action and stick with it.

New to diabetes? Learn how diabetes is diagnosed.

Will Blood Work Show Diabetes In Cats

Diabetes 101: Types, symptoms, risk factors and more

What are some tests that can be done to detect diabetes mellitus in cats? Diabetes mellitus can be diagnosed by performing the following tests: a complete blood count , a serum biochemistry profile, and a urinalysis.

Diabetes is usually diagnosed in cats when they are in their middle or later stages. In addition to diabetic conditions, your pet may be suffering from unrelated conditions. When a persons CBC contains more packed cells and fewer red blood cells, they can be dehydrated. Urinary tract infections, which are typically more serious in diabetic patients, are a common cause. Elevated levels of fructosamine in the blood may indicate diabetes. Sugary substances, such as glucose , are commonly not present in a healthy cats urine. Electrolytes, which consist of salt and metallic components, are found in serum.

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How Is Diabetes Treated

Treatments for diabetes depend on your type of diabetes, how well controlled your blood glucose level is and your other existing health conditions.

  • Type 1 diabetes: If you have this type, you must take insulin every day. Your pancreas no longer makes insulin.
  • Type 2 diabetes: If you have this type, your treatments can include medications , insulin and lifestyle changes such as losing weight, making healthy food choices and being more physically active.
  • Prediabetes: If you have prediabetes, the goal is to keep you from progressing to diabetes. Treatments are focused on treatable risk factors, such as losing weight by eating a healthy diet and exercising . Many of the strategies used to prevent diabetes are the same as those recommended to treat diabetes .
  • Gestational diabetes: If you have this type and your glucose level is not too high, your initial treatment might be modifying your diet and getting regular exercise. If the target goal is still not met or your glucose level is very high, your healthcare team may start medication or insulin.

Oral medications and insulin work in one of these ways to treat your diabetes:

  • Stimulates your pancreas to make and release more insulin.
  • Slows down the release of glucose from your liver .
  • Blocks the breakdown of carbohydrates in your stomach or intestines so that your tissues are more sensitive to insulin.
  • Helps rid your body of glucose through increased urination.

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